How does coronavirus spread?
The virus is thought to spread mainly through respiratory droplets. CORONAVIRUS is primarily spread through respiratory droplets. You may become infected if you are within a 6 foot zone of a contagious person and come into contact with their respiratory droplets. A new study from conducted by the University of Nebraska Medical Center, the National Strategic Research Institute at the University of Nebraska and others found that coronavirus has the potential of being airborne, indicating “that disease might be spread through both direct (droplet and person-to-person) as well as indirect contact (contaminated objects and airborne transmission) and suggests airborne isolation precautions could be appropriate,” and even mildly ill patients “may create aerosols of virus and contaminate surfaces that may pose a risk for transmission.”
Does coronavirus survive on surfaces or objects?
According to the New England Journal of Medicine, the virus can survive on plastic for 72 hours, on steel for 72 hours, on glass for 72 hours, on cardboard for 24 hours and on copper for 4 hours. It is therefore theoretically possible that you can become infected by touching a surface contaminated with live virus and then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes.
What are the symptoms of coronavirus?
Symptoms appear within 2 to 14 days after exposure and include fever, cough, diarrhea and shortness of breath. Some patients have reported loss of sense of smell and taste.
What are coronavirus treatment and prevention options?
There is currently no vaccine available for the virus.
While there is no approved cure, the FDA has approved the malaria drug hydroxychloroquine to treat coronavirus based on promising early studies, especially when used in combination with zithromycin. Additionally, the FDA has approved plasma therapy transfer of antibodies from recovered patients to ill patients.
The best ways to prevent and protect against coronavirus are good hygiene practices and social distancing.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 15-20 seconds. When soap and water are not available, use a hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
- Wash your hands immediately upon entering your home or, if working, office from any public area.
- Do not touch your face, eyes, nose and mouth.
- Maintain a 6 foot distance from others when in public, and around any sick family members.
- Avoid high-touch areas like door knobs, elevator buttons, etc when out in public.
- Follow your state’s health department orders regarding staying home, travel, and school.
- Practice good cough and sneeze hygiene – cover your both and nose with a tissue or your elbow.
- Do not share food or utensils with others.
- Avoid social gatherings
What cleaning products are effective against coronavirus?
Regular household cleaners can be used for cleaning and disinfecting your home, office, car and other areas. The EPA has approved these agents as effective against coronavirus (sars-cov-2-list_03-03-2020.pdf)
Clean and disinfect high touch areas daily, including phones, keyboards, doorknobs, light switches, car steering wheel, faucets, and toilets.
How does coronavirus impact pregnancy?
There is not yet enough evidence available to determine if pregnant women are more susceptible to coronavirus or on the potential mother to baby transmission. Pregnant women are advised to follow good hygiene practices, social distancing, and maintain regular contact with their care team, including using telemedicine and virtual visits wherever possible.
Who is more at risk for coronavirus?
Although cases have shown that the virus can affect people of all ages and all health conditions, the elderly and those with serious underlying medical conditions have a higher risk. These include:
- Those aged 65 and older
- Nursing home or long term care facility residents
- Those suffering from other conditions including:
- Chronic lung disease or moderate to severe asthma
- Heart disease
- Cancer and immunocompromised patients
- Severely obese individuals (BMI > 40)
- Patients with renal failure or liver disease